A surgeon, in our understanding, is a person who is fluent in the art of precise incision with a scalpel. But will this trend continue for 10-15 years? Yes, even after a while, the main instrument of the surgeon will be the scalpel, but it is unlikely that it will remain in the traditional mechanical form that we are accustomed to perceiving.
It is now possible to use laser scalpels instead of traditional ones.
Themechanical scalpel has several disadvantages, such as the inability to affect blood coagulation, mechanical damage to healthy cells, and incision depth control limited by the surgeon's skills. However, technology is also developing medical tools; for example, it is now possible to use laser scalpels instead of traditional ones.
Laser Surgery uses light beams instead of mechanical cutting. For example, carbon Dioxide Lasers can remove thin target layers without mechanical damage to deeper layers. In contrast, Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd: YAG) lasers are used for less access to internal parts of organs. Another example is Laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT), which is used to remove cancer tumors by raising the temperature to damage cancer cells.
Benefits of Laser Surgery:
Laser surgery is more precise than traditional surgery and does not damage surrounding healthy tissues.
There is a reduced risk of infection due to the temperature rise.
There is less bleeding of blood vessels.
The required time for the operation is shorter.
Limitations of Laser surgery:
Not accessible to everyone due to a lack of trained surgeons.
The high cost of equipment creates a high cost of medical services